What are Terpenes? The Complete Guide for Cannabis Users

Cannabis was finally legalized in the United States in 2018, thanks to the Farm Bill. It has since then become increasingly more popular because of its many benefits and if you have ever used it before you may have noticed that it has quite a unique smell.

Which is what we are here to talk about today, what are terpenes, the ingredients to cannabis that provides its very unique smell. Let’s take a look!

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are what make cannabis smell like it does. They also contribute to what makes certain strains taste the way they do (for example, citrus-like strains will most likely have limonene terpenes). Terpenes can be useful for medical marijuana users by enabling them to find out what effects each strain may cause.

For non-medical uses of marijuana, terpenes can also impart flavor and provide a subtle effect on the mind (relaxing, anti-anxiety, or any other type of effect that falls in between these two endpoints).

The Effects Of Terpenes

Certain terpenes can have a calming effect, while others may promote alertness. There are also terpenes that cause hunger, sleepiness, and hallucinations. The effects of terpenes can vary greatly based on how someone uses them and the terpene itself.

The smell of lavender is what many people think of when they think about the smell of a terpene. Lavender is what gives its fragrance to products such as soaps and lotions. Usually to help improve a person’s mood and remove stress.

Research has also shown that CBD-rich products containing terpenes can have an effect on your health. Such as helping people with difficult cases of epilepsy.

It was also been known to provide many other health benefits for your body such as reducing stress, fighting anxiety, and much more. A study in Chemico-Biological Interactionsnotes that terpenes provide many benefits for the body.

What Do Terpenes Do

Terpenes although smell wonderful, are great for your health. As already mentioned, they can provide health benefits for your body.

When you consume them they will either exaggerate or suppress, depending on the cultivar and your individual body.

Types Of Terpenes

There isn’t just one terpene either. There are quite a few different types of terpenes. They also can have different effects. Let’s take a look at them.


The Limonene can give smells of citrus and contains many health benefits. A study shows that it can help as an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, and more. Making Limonene one of the best types for your body’s health.


There are two types of Pinene, a- and b-. They can have smells of pine and basil. There has been research done to show that it can have preventive and restorative effects on your body. Although more studies need to be conducted, it’s shown some very promising results so far.


Myrcene is a powerful antioxidant that can help to protect the brain from things such as stroke. A study done on mise shows that Myrcene can protect the heart tissues in our bodies and treat things such as ischemic stroke.

Other Types Of Terpenes

There are quite a few other types of terpenes such as:

  • Beta-caryophyllene
  • Humulene
  • geraniol
  • terpinolene
  • ocimene
  • nerolidol
  • phytol

Each of which will have different effects and benefits.

Where Do They Come From

The source of Terpenes comes from many different plants. These include things such as tea, thyme, cannabis, and citrus.

Although they come from these different plants, Terpenes in cannabis have a very high concentration. Which makes it much more ideal than getting say from thyme or citrus plants.

Are They Different From Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids such as THC will activate the receptors in our endocannabinoid system. This is what creates a high effect for people.

Terpenes may also be absorbed in a similar way, but not always. Tpereneses are not THC and cannot get you high.

However, the two interact with each other when consuming Cannabis products. Research has found that Terpenes can boost cannabinoid effects with higher concentrations of it.

The way they interact is synergically and is known as the entourage effect. All of the compounds found within Cannabis interact with each other in a special plan synergy way when consumed.

Terpenes In Cannabis

What are Terpenes? They are wonderful compounds that produce smells within plants such as Cannabis. The effects of terpenes can vary greatly based on how someone uses them and the terpene itself.

If you’re looking for a way to enjoy what cannabis has to offer, make sure to send us a message, we would love to help you find the right Terpenes for your specific needs!